HYBRIT, an initiative that aims to revolutionise iron and steelmaking, will be on site at Hannover messe, 1-5 April 2019. SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, plan to replace coking coal with fossil-free electricity and hydrogen, developing the world’s first fossil-free steelmaking technology. Emissions from the steel and iron production will be water vapor instead of carbon dioxide.
The steel industry is one of the highest CO2-emitting industries, accounting for 7% of CO2 emissions globally and 10% in Sweden. A growing global population and an expanding urbanisation are expected to trigger a rise in global steel demand and by 2050 steel use is projected to increase 1.5 times compared to today. Even if the level of recycled scrap will increase, it will not be enough to meet the total global demand. The need to produce steel from virgin iron ore will continue to exist in the future. The carbon footprint in the steel industry is thus a challenge for Europe and the rest of the world.
Therefore, SSAB (global provider of high-strength steels), LKAB (Europe’s largest iron ore producer) and Vattenfall (one of Europe’s largest electricity producers) created HYBRIT – short for Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology – with the goal of contributing to a more sustainable society.
What makes HYBRIT unique, is that the project aims to solve the root cause of the problem, by replace coking coal, traditionally needed for iron ore-based steelmaking, with fossil-free electricity and hydrogen. The result will be the world’s first fossil-free steelmaking technology, with H2O rather than CO2 as the by-product.
The three owners of HYBRIT have, together with the Swedish Energy Agency, decided to invest about SEK 1.4 billion in a pilot. A facility has started to be built in Luleå north of Sweden and soon the construction of a test plant for pellets will be built in Malmberget.
To find out more, visit the initiative and meet experts during the Hannover messe at The Swedish Pavilion (Hall 27 H30).