France’s ambition to increase electricity production from renewable energy sources will make the country Europe’s fourth-largest offshore wind power producer in 2030, with 7.4 gigawatts (GW) of capacity in operation. The development is going full-steam ahead despite any potential cost or supply chain issues from COVID-19.
According to France’s updated energy doctrine, 8.75 GW of capacity will be made available through tenders from 2020 to 2028. The plan aims to lift awarded capacity to 12.4 GW by 2028.
Rystad Energy estimates that France will be able to reach a total installed capacity of 7.4 GW by 2030, surpassing that of other well-established offshore wind countries such as Belgium and Denmark, which have 2030 targets of 4 GW and 5.3 GW, respectively. And with an additional 5 GW of capacity lined up for planned tender rounds in 2024 to 2028, France is expected to retain this position well into the 2030s.
By 2030, this rapid development will place France only behind the UK, which is expected to have an offshore wind installed capacity of around 40 GW, Germany (between 15-20 GW), and the Netherlands (11.5 GW).
“Although France has been quite late to the party compared to several of its Western European counterparties, recent developments suggest that the country is now picking up the pace. France’s target for operational capacity in 2023 is 2.4 GW, a target expected to be reached through the completion of already awarded projects,” says Alexander Fløtre, Rystad Energy’s Vice President and Product Manager of Offshore Wind.
The first step of the plan will be kicked off this year with a tender for 1 GW of grounded capacity in the French parts of the English Channel outside Normandy, a development area called Manche Est Mer du Nord. In 2021 to 2022 another 0.5 to 1 GW of grounded capacity will be put up for tender in southwest France, named Sud-Atlantique.
A part of this South Atlantic tender may be attributed to the already proposed 0.5 to 1 GW offshore wind project outside Île d’Oléron, an island in the Poitou-Charentes region.
The French government also plans to organise three separate tenders for floating wind in 2021-2022, each of which will have 250 MW of capacity. The first, in 2021, will be in the Southern waters of Brittany (Bretagne Sud), while the other two in 2022 are planned for areas in the Mediterranean. Another 1 GW of grounded offshore wind will be tendered in 2023, the location of which has not yet been determined.
From 2024 to 2028 the French government plans to award 1 GW of capacity per year, which can be grounded, floating, or a mix of both. The amount of floating capacity to be awarded will depend on its cost competitiveness compared to the more established grounded alternative.
Meanwhile, as a starting point, Rystad Energy expects France’s operational capacity in 2023 to stand at 2.59 GW, surpassing the 2023 target of 2.4 GW.
Learn more in Rystad Energy’s Offshore Wind Dashboard.