IEA releases July fuel information, balances and emissions data: global coverage

Source: press release, 7 August 2020

Drivers of the annual changes in emissions from electricity generation (illustration: IEA)
Drivers of the annual changes in emissions from electricity generation (illustration: IEA)

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has reported the release of its five information 2020 databases Coal information, Natural gas information, Electricity information, Oil information, Renewables information, with complete global data up to 2018 and provisional 2019 data; as well as the 2020 World energy statistics, World energy balances and CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, with expanded coverage compared to previous editions.

Between 2010 and 2019, China and India together were responsible for pushing up the emissions associated with electricity generation by around 200 MtCO2 per year, on average. A significant increase in electricity demand in the two countries was the main driver of the increase in emissions from electricity generation – only marginally offset by enhancements in generation efficiency and in carbon intensity.

On the other hand, in advanced economies such as the United States and the European Union, improvements in renewables penetration and in power plants efficiency registered since 2010 contributed to a decrease in annual emissions up to 2019.

A significant increase in electricity demand, led by China and India, drove the recent increase in emissions from electricity generation.

The 2020 global balances and emissions databases provide data for over 180 countries/regions, generally from 1960 (OECD) and from 1971 (Non-OECD), unless specified differently at the country level, including 2019 provisional energy supply and electricity generation data for selected countries.

In a continuous effort to provide users with more timely data, the 2020 edition of IEA’s World energy statistics and World energy balances have been expanded to increase data coverage for the most recent (2019) year as following:

Coverage of total electricity generation by product has been extended, now including 43 non-OECD countries and additional regional aggregates such as the European Union and the IEA Family; with nuclear generation now available for all countries and regional aggregates.

Coverage of imports and exports of crude oil and oil products is complete for Brazil; People’s Republic of China; India; and Hong Kong, China; with data for imports and exports of crude oil also available for another 38 non-OECD countries and some regional aggregates, such as the European Union and G8.

Coverage for peat, peat products and oil shale supply-side data has been extended to cover all countries and regional aggregates.

Similarly, with the objective to provide users with more timely information, the 2020 edition of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion was expanded to include the following estimates:

  • Emissions from fuel combustion for the most recent year (2019) for all OECD countries and beyond, including India, China and Brazil.
  • Emissions from electricity and heat production for the most recent year (2019) for over seventy-five countries.
  • Total and sectoral emissions for a complementary set of over 60 countries based on additional sources.
  • Fugitive emissions of carbon dioxide and methane by country based on IEA information.
  • Emissions from fuel combustion starting in 1751 for the world and selected region.