July releases of IEA fuel information, balances and emissions data: global coverage

Source: press release, 6 August 2021

Annual average change in fossil fuels production by fuel, 2018-2019 and 2019-2020, World [total fossil fuels exclude peat and oil shale] (source: IEA World energy balances, 2021)
Annual average change in fossil fuels production by fuel, 2018-2019 and 2019-2020, World [total fossil fuels exclude peat and oil shale] (source: IEA World energy balances, 2021)

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has announced the release of its five information 2021 databases Coal information, Natural gas information, Electricity information, Oil information, Renewables information, with complete global data up to 2019, and provisional 2020 data including for the first time selected demand-side data for OECD; as well as the 2021 World energy statistics , World energy balances and Greenhouse gas emissions from energy, with expanded coverage compared to previous editions.

For 2020, country-level production data is preliminary and restricted to fossil fuels. Based on available data, the production of fossil fuels decreased strongly in 2020 relative to 2019 (-5%). All fossil fuels were affected, in particular oil (-7%) as transport demand fell during the global health crisis. Coal production decreased by 4%, according to our preliminary data, also due to the economic fallout from COVID-19, notwithstanding a strong economic rebound in China – the world’s largest coal consumer – in the second half of the year. Natural gas production was less affected, but decreased as well (-3%).

The 2021 global balances databases provide data for 190 countries/regions, generally from 1960 (OECD) and from 1971 (Non-OECD), unless specified differently at the country level, including 2020 provisional energy supply and electricity generation data for selected countries.

In a continuous effort to provide users with more timely data, the 2021 edition of IEA’s World energy statistics and World energy balances have been expanded to increase data coverage for the most recent (2020) year as following:

  • In addition to supply, selected demand flows for 2020 are now available for OECD countries, thanks to the recent expansion of the mini-questionnaires sent to national administrations.
  • Full 2020 energy statistics tables and balances are available for 8 non-OECD countries: Argentina; Benin; Brazil; Ghana; Hong Kong (China); Mauritius; Chinese Taipei; Uruguay.
  • Coverage of total electricity generation by product has been expanded, now including 47 non-OECD countries and additional regional aggregates such as the European Union and the IEA family; with nuclear generation now available for all countries and regional aggregates.
  • Coverage of imports and exports of crude oil and oil products is complete for People’s Republic of China; India; Lao PDR and Russia; with data for imports and exports of crude oil and exports of NGL also available for another 23 non-OECD countries and some regional aggregates, such as European Union, China region and G8.
  • The Indicators database now includes 2020 population, GDP and GDPPPP data for all the countries. The other energy indicators have been calculated for 2020 where it was possible.

Similarly, to provide users with more comprehensive information, the 2021 edition of Greenhouse gas emissions from energy (formerly CO2 emissions from fuel combustion) was expanded to include country estimates of non-CO2 GHG emissions from fuel combustion (CH4 and N2O). A further release in is planned for Fall and will include fugitive emissions from energy, to complete the set of global GHG emissions for the energy sector.

The global 2021 databases are available at the following links: