The International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are calling for carbon capture and storage (CCS) to be used to help the EU meet its climate targets. Doing so could significantly reduce unavoidable emissions from industry, in particular. “With CCS, rather than entering the atmosphere, emissions are safely stored under the seabed. CCS is emerging as a key technology for reducing CO2, and Germany and Europe must not miss the boat,” said Klaus Langemann, SVP Carbon Management and Hydrogen at Wintershall Dea, at the CCUS Forum (carbon capture, utilisation and storage) in Oslo on 27 October. The conference, which is being jointly organised by the European Commission and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, aims to advance the adoption of carbon capture, utilisation and storage in Europe.
Ratify the London Protocol and conclude bilateral agreements
At present, there are still legal hurdles in Germany, such as one that forbids the transport of carbon dioxide to storage sites outside Germany. To change this, Germany would have to undertake a number of measures, such as ratifying the London Protocol and concluding bilateral agreements with CO2-receiving countries. In October, Denmark and Belgium concluded such an agreement, which will make it possible to transport CO2 across national borders.
“Germany should follow the example of Denmark and Belgium so as to remain competitive as an industrial location,” Langemann continued, adding that this is important for the steel, cement and chemical industries, for example, whose production processes will continue to produce large amounts of CO2 emissions.
In Norway, as in Denmark, offshore CCS has been accepted by policymakers and citizens alike. Related projects have already been launched in both countries – including ones in which Wintershall Dea is involved. A first injection of CO2 is already planned for the beginning of 2023 at the Greensand project in the Danish North Sea.
In addition, Wintershall Dea is the operator of the Luna CO2 storage license in the Norwegian North Sea, which has an estimated CO2 storage potential of up to 5 million tonnes per year. At the same time, Wintershall Dea is cooperating with Equinor in the NOR-GE project. Beginning in 2032, some 20-40 million tonnes of CO2 are to be transported to Norway for storage under the seabed, initially by ship and ultimately via a pipeline. This volume corresponds to roughly 20% of Germany’s total industrial emissions per year.